What is egg donation?
Egg donation is a generous act where a female donor helps another woman to fulfil her dream to become a mother. All women are born with a certain number of eggs in their ovaries, of which only 0,1% are used during their fertile life. Through the donation, those eggs of the donor are used, which would usually be lost naturally within her cycle.
How are eggs donated?
For donating eggs an ovarian stimulation treatment needs to be done in order to develop a sufficient number of eggs. The stimulation treatment is monitored and includes a series of control visits to observe the overall evolution. Finally the eggs are obtained via ovarian puncture. The total duration of this process is 12-15 days and afterwards the menstruation will start as usual in a normal cycle.
Why is it important to donate eggs?
There are more and more couples with sterility problems, who cannot have children on their own. There are young women who need eggs from a donor due to diseases, which do not allow them to use their own eggs (premature menopause, treatments with chemotherapy…). Another important factor is the delay in pursuing motherhood, which leads to women of a certain age who do not have sufficient or good quality eggs anymore. Fortunately, thanks to egg donation these women have the possibility to achieve pregnancy. Just knowing that many couples can finally be happy thanks to egg donation is enough benefit for many women who decide to become a donor.
Who assumes the expenses of the procedure?
According to the Spanish law 14/2006, May 14th 2006 regarding human assisted reproduction techniques, donation must be done anonymously and voluntarily. Furthermore, donors must be fully informed and donations will be unpaid. However, the clinic will take over the expenses regarding the bothers and inconveniences the donors are put on, such as ultrasounds, medication administration or the sick leave on the egg retrieval day. Those expenses are regulated by the Bioethics Committee of Catalonia’s Government.
Can the identity of the donor be unveiled?
In Spain egg donation is anonymous. Through anonymity the identity of the donor as well as of the recipient of the eggs and their children is protected. All this information remains confidential and under custody of the very own center where the treatment takes place. This is not the same for other countries where it is allowed to unveil the identity of the donor.
Who can be a donor?
According to the legislation, every woman between 18 and 35 years in excellent physical and mental health can be a donor. Once a woman decides to become an egg donor a complete study about her state of health is done, including a gynecological revision and blood tests to confirm she is apt for donating.
How can I become an egg donor?
If you want to become an egg donor you only have to contact us via phone 0034 93 417 69 16 or via contact form on this webpage. We will respond immediately and arrange for an appointment to clear all your questions.
First visit and necessary tests
During the first visit we will carry out an interview to complete your clinical history with all the necessary data about your health. Additionally we will do a complete health study including a gynecological revision and blood tests. During this visit you will get all the details about egg donation.
Egg donation treatment
For egg donation the ovaries need to be stimulated through medication. During this time several ultrasound controls are necessary in order to evaluate the evolution of the treatment (usually three controls per week). When the ovaries are ready for egg retrieval we arrange for the next step of the treatment, which is the ovarian puncture.
Through ovarian puncture we obtain the eggs. To avoid any kind of discomfort the retrieval will be made under sedation, a type of light anesthesia, which puts you to sleep during the intervention for 15 minutes. The ovarian puncture is done vaginally (comparable to a gynecological ultrasound), aspirating the eggs, which have been produced in the ovaries. Once the intervention is finalized you can go home after two hours of rest. Please remember, this day you must not work and rest at home.
During the first week after treatment you should lead a calm life, especially avoiding sports and sexual intercourse. Once your period has arrived you will have to come for a control visit to check if everything is fine.
Frequently asked questions
Will I be able to have children of my own after donating?
Egg donation does not affect your fertility. The possibility to have children in the future depends on many factors but the donation treatment does not reduce your eggs. During your life you only use 0,1% of all your eggs and the rest is lost naturally during each cycle. These are the ones used for donation.
Does it have any secondary effects?
Occasionally you might feel slightly bloated due to the stimulation of the ovaries and notice a light abdominal discomfort on the day of the ovarian puncture, which will disappear after the treatment.
Can I maintain sexual relations?
During the treatment for egg donation you will have to abstain from sexual intercourse until your period starts since there is a risk of complications like abdominal pain or unwanted pregnancy.
Can a minor donate egg cells?
No. Spanish law clearly establishes the explicit necessity the egg donor to be between 18 and 25 years.
How many cycles can be done?
According to Spanish law an egg donor can donate until a total of six children are born.